This is undoubtedly a piece of blissful and overwhelming news that you’re going to have your first baby. This is the day you were cherishing for days, months and maybe years ago.
Being a mama is a heavenly feeling that you won’t get from anything. But, you have to be careful about something that may cause serious problems for your baby. This is more crucial in the first trimester. If you already had been a mom, you know everything about our concern today.
But if this is the first time you are getting pregnant, you must read this article.
What is the first trimester?
The pregnancy duration is 40 weeks. This time is divided into three trimesters. The first trimester starts from the conception time when the egg fertilization happens by the sperm and lasts for 12 weeks. These 12 weeks are very crucial in pregnancy. In this time, the mother should take care of many things including-
- Eating habits.
- Necessary prenatal tests.
- Weight gain.
- Baby’s development, etc.
You should understand the pregnancy week by week, rather than months. It will help you to make decisions easier for big changes.
What happens to a woman’s body during the first trimester?
There are lots of physical changes a pregnant woman feels in the first trimester. Well, the first and obvious sign of getting pregnant is missing periods. Some common changes in women’s bodies during pregnancy are as follows:
- Throwing up
- Mood swings
- Tender breasts
- Weight gain
- Upset stomach
- Craving for food
- Revulsion to certain foods
What happens to the fetus during the first trimester?
The first day of your last menstrual period is basically the first day of your pregnancy and also the first trimester. An egg is combined with sperm after 10 to 14 days and conception occurs.
In this time, the baby grows rapidly in the first trimester. Its brain, spinal cord and other body organs are developed in this time. In the first few weeks, hands and legs are formed and also the fingers and toes in the last few weeks of the first trimester.
When the first trimester is almost over, the baby’s sex organs are developed. At this time, the weight of the baby is one ounce and the length is 3 inches.
What should you do in your first trimester?
There are lots of things to do in the first trimester for making your pregnancy safer and comfortable for yourself and your baby as well. Let’s check the first trimester to do list below:
1. Make sure you’re really pregnant
Well, the first thing you should do after missing the period, make sure that you are pregnant. If you miss your period and feel unusual in your body, like vomiting, morning sickness, etc., you should go for the pregnancy test.
You can do this at home. But you should also wait for two weeks more to get confirmation by the medical report as there are lots of cases of false pregnancy that last for 1-2 weeks. Anyway, this is not everything you need to do.
Doctors advised going for ultrasonography at ten weeks as the baby’s fetal rate is found during this time.
2. Take your prenatal vitamin
A prenatal vitamin is highly recommended by doctors and also nutritionists. You can have this from the period when you were struggling to conceive a baby and also in the first trimester.
Folic acid is good for the neural development of the baby that happens in the first trimester. So, you should have this. But, as we always said, don’t consume folic acid without a doctor’s prescription.
Go and talk with the doctor. He will surely suggest you this medication. It may enhance the acidity level. But ultimately, it is good for your health and the baby as well.
3. Investigate health insurance
Well, health insurance plays a vital role in your pregnancy period. Most of the parents are not aware of this thing. But, trust me. This insurance can cover lots of financial crises during pregnancy.
If you issue health insurance, it will cover all the parental care and delivery costs throughout the time. But these vary compared to the insurance company. You should directly contact them. Ask them regarding all the expenses they will bear and how they will treat them in the postpartum period.
If you still don’t know any health insurance companies, search online. You will get them available.
4. Choose a healthcare provider
If you are already in doctor’s observation for fertility treatment or anything else, this is good. But if you don’t have a doctor or midwife, it’s time to find one. During pregnancy, you should always keep in communication with a doctor or practitioner who can help you with proper advice in time.
You should do this from the very first trimester. At this time, you are newly pregnant and there are lots of things that you don’t know. So, you might need their help at any time. So, choose a health care provider.
5. Make a prenatal appointment
As we said before that you might experience a false pregnancy, you may wait till eight weeks to get an appointment with a doctor. So, you have to determine the time when you can actually meet with a doctor.
Well, if you miss your period and get the pregnancy test positive, mark the due date and count eight weeks from this date. At the first of 8 weeks, you should take the doctor’s appointment and make a list of questions that you want to ask them.
6. Consult your provider about medications you’re taking
If you are consuming any medications already, you should talk to the doctor about it. In fact, you should disclose all the facts about your health to your doctor. There are lots of do’s and don’t in the first trimester of pregnancy.
If you take medicines for acidity or headache, let your doctor know about this issue. He will help you to control these problems with effective medicines. During pregnancy, you can’t consume any random medicine. It can be harmful to your baby. So, discuss it with your healthcare provider.
7. If you smoke, quit
This is quite common that women are smoking nowadays. We all know that it is harmful to health. But it can affect your baby tremendously if you smoke during pregnancy.
You should quit smoking from the very first day. We are not talking about direct smoking only. If your partner does smoke, he should also avoid smoking around you. Indirect smoke can equally affect your baby.
8. Cut down on caffeine
Well, maybe you’re a working woman and you need to consume lots of coffee per day. This is the time you should stop consuming lots of caffeine. Consuming lots of caffeine can cause miscarriage or physical defects in the baby. It hampers the physical development of the baby.
Our suggestion is to avoid coffee completely. But if you are too addicted to coffee, you can get around 200mg of coffee per day, according to doctors and nutritionists.
9. Stock your kitchen with healthy stuff
Well, cut out all the unhealthy food from your diet. It’s time to start eating healthy foods full of nutrition. Avoid spicy foods and fast food. You should stock your kitchen with healthy veggies, fruits, fish, meats, etc.
You can’t keep yourself healthy unless you consume healthy foods. So, try to eat lots of healthy food that is healthy and also drink lots of water. If necessary, talk to a nutritionist to get a diet chart with healthy foods. These will help you more to get proper foods in the first trimester.
You should be careful of your health throughout the pregnancy. But the first trimester is a bit more sensitive. At this time, you may not feel that you are carrying a baby. But the most crucial parts of a baby’s development happen at this time. So, you should take care of yourself properly. The first trimester to do list we mentioned above can help you to start your pregnancy in a safe way.