Pregnancy is one of the most beautiful periods for a woman. With so many magical experiences, you might be waiting for the sweet little bundle of joy. But pregnancy isn’t all about happiness. You will have to face so many physical complexities and swollen feet is one of them.
Most of the women experience swollen feet in the last trimester. Today we will try to take a closer look at the reasons for swollen feet and the way of getting rid of them. Let’s get started.
When does swelling occur during pregnancy?
Basically, you can get swollen feet at any time in pregnancy. But you will experience it more after the 5th month and it will increase throughout the third trimester. There are some other reasons for pregnancy swelling. Pregnancy swelling occurs,
- If you do more physical tasks.
- If the weather is too hot.
- If you stand for a long period.
- If you follow a high-sodium diet.
What causes swelling during pregnancy?
During pregnancy, your body produces more blood cells and also fluid to meet the demand for your baby. This happens more especially in the gestation period. This is very important for fetal development and delivery.
Extra fluid makes the body tissue flexible and soft so that your baby gets enough space for a comfortable stay. But too much fluid can cause swelling or edema. It can affect different body parts like the face, hands, ankles, legs, and feet.
To avoid serious complications, you should avoid standing on your feet for a long time. Otherwise, you will get swelling in your ankles, legs, and feet.
When to visit a doctor for pregnancy swelling?
Foot swelling and ankle pain are very common in pregnancy. But if the pain starts suddenly, especially in your one leg, this is a strong sign of deep venous thrombosis and also a blood clot. If you feel the following problems, you should immediately visit a doctor.
- Swelling of the face, hands, or feet
- Vision problems
- Shortness of breath
How to reduce swelling in feet during pregnancy
1. Avoid standing for extended periods
The most common reason for swelling feet is standing for a long time. It might be for cooking or walking for a long distance. If you need to work continuously, take a rest after a certain time and relax. You can also rotate the feet and stretch calf muscles.
Also See: A Beginners Guide to Breast Pumping
2. Reduce sodium intake
Reducing sodium consumption is another way of getting rid of swollen feet. Salt holds more water. You should avoid all types of canned and processed foods. These types of foods contain lots of salt. You should also avoid extra table salt.
If you want to make your food tasty, add some oregano, rosemary, thyme, etc. These will add different amazing flavours.
3. Increase potassium intake
Having enough potassium is also very crucial. Potassium helps to maintain a healthy balance in your body with the right amount of water. So, you should have food with high potassium. You can eat the following foods.
- Potatoes with the skin
4. Wear compression stockings
Keeping the feet tighten enough is another way of avoiding swollen feet. If you get any hint of swelling feet, you should use compression stockings. This stuff will provide enough support. It helps a lot to maintain the proper blood flow in your leg and also doesn’t allow for swelling in your feet.
5. Engage in daily physical activity
Physical exercise is always crucial. But it is more important for a woman in pregnancy to avoid swallowing feet. Well, you should get involved with some physical activities regularly. You can go for a walk or for a cycle ride. You can also go swimming. If you want to do exercise, you can follow the below:
- Stretch your feet upwards and downwards and bend 30 times.
- Rotate your feet in a circular motion and then do this in the opposite direction.
6. Reduce caffeine intake
If you are a tea or coffee lover, it’s time to hold you back for some time. You can’t take so much caffeine this time. Caffeine is a diuretic. It causes you to pee again and again.
When you are doing this, your body will try to hold a lot of water and this can make swollen feet. So, try to avoid caffeine intake. You can add some milk with the tea or herbal tea. These will refresh you soon.
7. Drink more water
Another surprising way of reducing swollen feet is having lots of water. This is very weird to hear that you need to drink water to reduce water from your body. But it actually works.
When you are drinking little water, your body wants to hold water to compensate. So, try to drink lots of water. It will keep your kidneys active and work properly.
If you don’t feel good drinking much water, you can get a cute drinking jar that may make you taunted to drink water. You can also add different flavours with the water like lemon, mint, berries, etc.
8. Elevate your feet and rest
This is another effective way of reducing swollen feet. You just need to keep your feet elevated a bit and rest. Well, sitting for a long time while pregnant is very tough. Standing is even tougher than that. So, you should do it to drain all the liquids in your feet through your body. It won’t create any swollen feet. You should do this regularly.
9. Wear loose, comfortable clothing
Wearing tight clothes can be a major reason for swollen feet. It affects most if you wear tight clothing around your wrists, waist, and ankles. It makes the blood flow interrupted and that’s the actual problem.
You should always wear loose-fitting dresses during pregnancy that are comfortable and don’t have any tight elastic bands. You will easily get different model’s maternity dresses and flowy cardigans. You can choose those freely.
Swimming can be a good way that you can follow to reduce swollen feet. Well, this is not a proven way. But there are many would-be-mamas who experience this. You will also get to understand if you think deeply.
In water, you are almost weightless and your legs don’t need to bear any weight at all. So, it is obvious that water won’t put pressure on your feet. So, try to go swimming on a daily basis.
11. Put a cold compress on swollen areas
Compressing with ice packs is a great way of reducing your body temperature. It helps to reduce pain and is also helpful for reducing swelling feet. So, you can try this. You will feel better.
12. Get a massage
Your partner always admires helping you during pregnancy. This is the perfect thing to do, actually. He can help you with a comfortable foot massage. Message circulates the fluids and it causes less swelling.
You can also use lavender or peppermint essential oil for making the massage more relaxing. But you should avoid firm pressure and do it gently. Unfortunately, if your partner is not that supportive, you can also go to a message centre. You will get the result there.
As we already said, swollen feet are a common problem in pregnancy. You may feel mild pain for nothing serious. So, first, try everything you know to reduce this pain. If you can’t handle it, go to a doctor or practitioner and ask for help. He will help you for sure. But you don’t need to panic about this. This is actually not a big issue comparing the other issues you have faced during pregnancy. So, you can relax.